Monday, May 25, 2020
Throughout the Bible, God is portrayed to have many interesting and surprising qualities. One of the first qualities God shows is omnipotence. GodÃ¢â¬â¢s omnipotence is portrayed in Genesis 1:26-27, where it says Ã¢â¬Å"Then God said, Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky, over the livestock and all the wild animals, and all the creatures that move along the ground, So God created mankind in his own imageÃ¢â¬ . This is saying that God has the power to create everything and anything out of nothing. In the previous verses God created light and day, vegetation, land, and the animals in the sea and on land. According to Genesis 1:2, it states that it was just the Spirit of God that was hovering over the waters. All God did was speak and everything was created, from the blades of grass to mankind. Another quality that God shows is anger. In Genesis 6:13 it states that Ã¢â¬Å"So God said to Noah , I am going to put an end to all people, for the earth is filled with violence because of them. I am surely going to destroy both them and the earthÃ¢â¬ . Here God is angry with the people of earth because he sees how corrupt and violent the world had become. As a result to the immensely wicked and corrupt world, God decided to cause a flood that would Ã¢â¬Å"destroy all life under the heavens, and every creature that has the breath of life in itÃ¢â¬ , according to Genesis 6:17. God flooded the earth and it rainedShow MoreRelatedReflection Paper - Virgin Birth, Jesus Claim God, Bible Authority1136 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesChristianity. I hope to answer the questions, Ã¢â¬Å"Does the Bible have authority?Ã¢â¬ , Ã¢â¬Å"Did Jesus claim to be God?Ã¢â¬ , and Ã¢â¬Å"Did Jesus need to be born of a virgin?Ã¢â¬ . These three questions can be summarized with the question, Ã¢â¬Å"Is God reliable in what he has said about Himself, and if we can t take His Word for it, then what?Ã¢â¬ II. Section One The question of the authority of the Bible rests on the issue of the authority of its author. If the author of the Bible did not have authority, then it is highly unlikelyRead MoreAttributes Of God Within Classical Christian Theism978 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesChapter 2 Attributes of God in Classical Christian Theism We continue our study of the history of God by looking at His attributes from a number of different viewpoints. We will first examine the view of Classical Theism, then the view of Freewill Theism, and finally that of Open Theism. We begin by defining Classical Theism, also called traditional theism or Augustinian theism. In a section entitled, Ã¢â¬Å"The Classical Christian Concept of God,Ã¢â¬ Francis Beckwith gives a short definition of ClassicalRead MoreIn PlatoS Euthyphro, Socrates And Euthyphro Discuss The1734 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesIn Plato s Euthyphro, Socrates and Euthyphro discuss the nature of piety. Euthyphro first proposed that piety is that which the gods love. His proposal was quickly objected by Socrates though, since the gods often disputed amongst themselves and therefore what one loves can be what another hates. Euthyphro then revised his hypothesis to say that piety is that which the gods love unanimously and for the moment this was their conclusion. This definition however, that piety is what the gods love unanimouslyRead MoreThe Concept Of Evil As It Impacts Our World1371 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand wickedÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Merriam-WebsterÃ¢â¬ , 2015). The definition of evil in the Bible falls into two categories: evil against one another (murder, theft, and adultery) and evil aga inst God (unbelief, idolatry, and blasphemy). From the prohibition against eating from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil in the Garden of Eden (Genesis 2:9 New King James Version), to the destruction of Babylon the Great (Revelation 18:2), the Bible speaks of evil. Apparently, no one in the history of humankind has uncoveredRead MoreGod Is Not Worthy Of Worship993 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesGod is not worthy of worship I realize the nature of this topic is likely to garner the contempt of many. I respectfully ask that you spare me any personal attacks. I sincerely want to discuss this topic. I am not motivated to do so out of a desire to disrespect anyone or their beliefs. Rather, I desire this discussion as a chance to share ideas. Clarification: The Nature of God Before I begin, I want to make clear that in this essay, I am addressing what is known as the God of Christianity.Read MoreThe Concept Of Evil As It Impacts Our World1371 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesand wickedÃ¢â¬ (Ã¢â¬Å"Merriam-WebsterÃ¢â¬ , 2015). The definition of evil in the Bible falls into two categories: evil against one another (murder, theft, and adultery) and evil against God (unbelief, idolatry, and blasphemy). From the prohibition against eating from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil in the Garden of Eden (Genesis 2:9 New King James Version), to the destruction of Babylon the Great (Revelation 18:2), the Bible speaks of evil. Apparently, no one in the history of humankind has uncoveredRead MoreGod, The Son And The Holy Spirit1726 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesof the others including, omnipotence, omniscience and eternality among others, be one and at the same time be individuals? The issue at hand is; does biblical evidence support the doctrine of the Trinity? The doctrine of the Trinity distinctively marks and sets Christianity apart from other religions. Comprehending this is an issue all to itself. John Wesley said, Ã¢â¬Å"Bring me a worm that can comprehend a man, and then I will show you a man that can comprehend the triune God.Ã¢â¬ While understanding theRead MoreThe Idea Of An Omnipotent Essay1870 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesThe idea of omnipotence has been a tricky concept for philosophers for many years. Many philosophers have tried to define it without success. In this essay, I intend to look at, as the question poses, whether Ã¢â¬ËA being is omnipotent if it has every power which it is logically possib le to possessÃ¢â¬â¢ is an adequate definition of omnipotent and then move on to look at some other ways of defining omnipotence to see if they do any better. Omnipotent quite literally means all powerful, Omni- all, potent-powerfulRead MoreThe Word Of God : God964 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesasking them questions. And all those heard him were astonished at his understanding and answers.? Luke 2:46-47 The Bible accounts that when God spoke for the first time, Life, in the form of an energy called light, illuminated the universe. In that moment of time, darkness was the present condition across the expanse. The darkness could not understand the light and thus fled as God expressed his sovereign will through the spoken Word. The declaration of His Word brought forth light. This originalRead MoreOpen Theism : The Openness Of God1275 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesOpen theism was not heavily debated prior to the publication of The Openness of God in 1994, by Clark H. Pinnock, Richard Rice, John Sanders, William Hasker, and David Basinger. The Openness of God presents the case that we have free will to decide our own future, and God simply hopes that we will choose to accept His love and follow Him. Although the above men are for open theism many are against it. Among those that disagree with it are William Lane Craig, Millard Erickson, John Frame, Paul Helm
Thursday, May 14, 2020
Descartes was a metaphysical philosopher whose main goal was to obtain and isolate lasting scientific knowledge due to the long-held beliefs that were being disproved during his lifetime. However, this proved to be quite difficult as the majority of his previously held beliefs were either doubtful or able to be proven false. In an attempt to work towards his goals, Descartes developed his Dream Doubt argument. When first analyzing this argument, it is important to analyze it for all its premises, as opposed to simply the conclusions in which the argument itself draws. This allows for a better understanding of the argument. In regard to analysis, I will first present the argument piece by piece and then evaluate those components in aÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦When Descartes is describing this, he directly references the idea Ã¢â¬Å"How often, asleep at night, am I convinced of just such familiar events Ã¢â¬â that I am here in my dressing-gown, sitting by the fire Ã¢â¬â when in fact I am lying undressed in bed!Ã¢â¬ (Descartes 145). These premises lead to the third part of the argument, and essentially DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ first conclusion of the argument: thereÃ¢â¬â¢s no certain way to distinguish dreams from reality, as drawn from the premises one and two. He directly states that Ã¢â¬Å"Yet at the moment my eyes are certainly wide awake when I look at this piece of paper; I shake my head and it is not asleep; as I stretch out and feel my hand, I do so deliberately, and I know what I am doing. All this would not happen with such distinctness to someone asleepÃ¢â¬ (Descartes 145). Next, Descartes goes on to discuss that at times, dreaming experiences are at least sometimes false. By adding this additional premise, he is able to draw the conclusion that any, apparently, seemingly waking experience could potentially be a dreaming experience. He says this in the textbook: Ã¢â¬Å"Suppose then that I am dreaming, and that these particulars Ã¢â¬â that my eyes are open, that I am moving my head and stretching out my hands Ã¢â¬â are not trueÃ¢â¬ (Descartes 145) Additionally, this statement further solidifies the idea that no matter how true an experience may seem, according to Descartes, it stillShow MoreRelatedRene Descartes: French Mathematician and Philosopher Essay1855 Words Ã |Ã 8 PagesRene Descartes: An Author Study Rene Descartes was a 17th Century mathematician and French Philosopher whose lifes work focused on providing a new prospective on the human perception of reality. The definition of this reality is seen as Descartes greatest life goal. Coined as the Father of Modern Philosophy, (Cunningham Reich, 2010, p. 385), Descartes laid the groundwork the philosophy and reality as we perceive it today. Descartes autobiography, Discourse on the Method of Rightly ConductingRead MoreLanguage and the Destiny of Man12402 Words Ã |Ã 50 PagesÃ Å¾tefan Afloroaei / Descartes and the Ã¢â¬Å"metaphysical dualismÃ¢â¬ Descartes and the Ã¢â¬Å"metaphysical dualismÃ¢â¬ : Excesses in interpreting a classic* Al.I. Cuza University of Iasi Abstract The article focuses on one of the most serious accusations brought against Descartes and modern philosophy, namely Ã¢â¬Å"the dualism of substanceÃ¢â¬ . The accusers claim that the human body and soul were viewed as completely separate; consequently, their relationship as such and the united being of man become incomprehensible. AsRead MoreRene Descartes s Philosophy On The Mind3358 Words Ã |Ã 14 PagesOctober 23, 2014 RenÃ © Descartes Descartes is one of the most influential and well-known philosophers of all time. The idea he is most famous for is his explanation on the mind. RenÃ © Descartes is often credited with being the Ã¢â¬Å"Father of Modern Philosophy.Ã¢â¬ This title is justified due both to his break with the traditional Scholastic-Aristotelian philosophy prevalent at his time and to his development and promotion of the new, mechanistic sciences. He was one of the most influential andRead MoreBranches of Philosophy8343 Words Ã |Ã 34 PagesBranches of philosophy The following branches are the main areas of study: Ã¢â¬ ¢ Metaphysics investigates the nature of being and the world. Traditional branches are cosmology and ontology. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Epistemology is concerned with the nature and scope of knowledge, and whether knowledge is possible. Among its central concerns has been the challenge posed by skepticism and the relationships between truth, belief, and justification. Ã¢â¬ ¢ Ethics, or moral philosophy, is concerned with questions of howRead MoreDescartes And The Mind Body Dualism2479 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagessubstance, also known as matter. Dualism is closely related to the philosophy of Rene Descartes. Descartes identified the mind with consciousness and self-awareness and distinguished this from the brain. He believed that the brain was the seat of all intelligence. This lead to a great debate over the mind and body. So, ultimately, what is the nature of the mind and consciousness and its relationship to the body? DescartesÃ¢â¬â¢ Meditation 6 explains the distinction between the mind and body. He explainsRead MoreEssay on Immanuel Kant3201 Words Ã |Ã 13 Pages Immanuel Kant 1724-1804 Immanuel Kant was born on April 22, 1724 in Konigsberg, East Prussia. He was the son of a saddler. At age 8, he entered the Collegium Fredericianum, a Latin school, where he remained for 8 1/2 years and studied the classics. He then entered the University of Konigsberg in 1740 to study philosophy, mathematics, and physics. The death of his father halted his university career so he became a private tutor. In 1755, he returned to Konigsburg where he later resumed his studiesRead MoreEssay about Voltaires Candide3524 Words Ã |Ã 15 Pagesand with much interest by many people since its scarcely secret publication in Geneva and Paris (1759). When it was first published, there were about twenty copies, most of which were pirated. When Voltaire died (1778) there were already more than fifty, and later on it became the best seller of the eighteenth century. It is true that the local conditions have changed since Candide was written. English admirals are not shot any more as a lesson in military perseverance. Jesuits are no longer mealRead Morehistory of philosophy5031 Words Ã |Ã 21 PagesseeÃ History of Philosophy (disambiguation). This articleÃ may requireÃ copy editingÃ for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling.You can assist byÃ editing it.Ã (April 2013) Philosophy Philosophers Aestheticians Epistemologists Ethicists Logicians Metaphysicians Social and political philosophers Traditions Analytic Continental Eastern Islamic Platonic Scholastic Periods Ancient Medieval Modern Contemporary Literature Aesthetics Epistemology Ethics Logic Metaphysics Read MoreExistentialism vs Essentialism23287 Words Ã |Ã 94 Pagestheir lives. Existentialism asserts that Ã¢â¬Å"existence precedes essence,Ã¢â¬ which is in opposition to the classical doctrine that Ã¢â¬Å"essence precedes existence.Ã¢â¬ The claim Ã¢â¬Å"existence precedes essenceÃ¢â¬ is a rejection of the idea that human nature has an end or goal. In this sense, humans are free to choose their own destiny.Ã * is a philosophical term which asserts that there is a distinction between essential and non-essential (contingent or accidental) characteristics of an object. Essentialism assumesRead MoreFoucault Power8957 Words Ã |Ã 36 Pagesjstor.org The Subject and Power Michel Foucault Why Study Power? The Question of the Subject The ideas which I would like to discuss here represent neither a theory nor a methodology. I would like to say, first of all, what has been the goal of my work during the last twenty years. It has not been to analyze the phenomena of power, nor to elaborate the foundations of such an analysis. My objective, instead, has been to create a history of the different modes by which, in our culture, human
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Scarlet Letter Hester Prynne, the main character of the book The Scarlet LetterÃ¢â¬ by Nathaniel Hawthorne, commits adultery, is considered a hussy, and has a child as the result of her sin. She cheats on her husband while he is absent from town and receives a harsh punishment for her behavior already. Hester is forced to wear a scarlet letter Ã¢â¬Å"AÃ¢â¬ on her bosom for the rest of her life. It is now on debate on whether or not Pearl should be taken away from her motherÃ¢â¬â¢s guidance. This is due to the fact that she is a sinner and might not be a qualified mother for her child.It is true, that no matter what you did in the past, a child is a blessing and parents change due to the love they have for their children. Therefore, HesterÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In page 100, after Mistress Hibbins, the governorÃ¢â¬â¢s sister asks Hester to partner with her to a party at the forest where she promises the devil that Hester will go; Hester replies, Ã¢â¬Å"Make my excuse to him,so ple ase you! I must tarry at home, and keep watch over my little Pearl. Had they taken her from me, I would willingly have gone with thee into the forest, and signed my name in the Black ManÃ¢â¬â¢s book too, and that with mine own blood.Ã¢â¬ If Pearl is taken away from Hester, The Devil will take advantage of it and drag Hester deep into sin that sheÃ¢â¬â¢ll end up in hell. This connection between Hester and her daughter cannot be broken. Hester treasures her young one, and sees her as the light of her life. If Hester wouldnt be a quality mother for Pearl, she would have not cared about the naming of her daughter. Hester wouldnt have thought about Pearl, she would have just named her with any insignificant name. However she did contemplate over Pearls naming, she wanted her daughter to have a significant name that would show how much she means to her. Hester has proven once more that she does worship her daughter and deserves to have her stay in her safe-keeping. It is noticed that Hester dresses her daughter differently from the other children in the town. All of Pearls clothing are scarlet. However Hester is not trying to make her daughter look like no clownShow MoreRelatedHester Prynne : Should She Ever Learn From Her Sin?1286 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pages2015 Hester Prynne: Would She Ever Learn From Her Sin? In The Scarlet Letter, Nathaniel Hawthorne shows the different struggles that come face to face with Hester Prynne as the punishment persists and what wisdom she will gain from it. Through Hester Prynne s trials she makes some drastic changes in her everyday life to overcome or at least deal with her punishment. During Hester Prynne s punishment she begins to change, in the way that she would have looked at things before. Hester has manyRead MoreSimilarities and Differences Between Anne Hutchinson and Hester Prynne1607 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pagesand Hester Prynne While many people may feel that Anne Hutchinson has nothing in common with Hester Pyrnne they actually more alike than most people would think. Nathaniel Hawthorne, author of Ã¢â¬Å"The Scarlet Letter,Ã¢â¬ used many references to Anne Hutchinson in his book. During his life, he wrote a sketch of Hutchinson thus portraying his interest towards her and the characteristics of her life. It could be accurate to say that Anne Hutchinson was used as a guide to make the character of Hester PrynneRead MoreImperfection In The Scarlet Letter, By Nathaniel Hawthorne1199 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Imperfection in Scarlet We set our scene in a Puritan town in 1600s New England. Nathaniel Hawthorne weaves a tale of imperfection, guilt, and secret sin. In the strict town, resident Hester Prynne stands upon a scaffold with a baby and a Scarlet Letter upon her bosom, both tokens of her sin. The intricate letter Ã¢â¬Å"AÃ¢â¬ stands for her very sin of adultery which lead to the birth of the child in her arms. The townspeople cannot help but stare at symbol of imperfection, but they cannot stare at whatRead MoreHester Prynne Juxtaposition1604 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageswrote a novel in Salem, Massachusetts, The Scarlet Letter, which he portrays the impact of humanityÃ¢â¬â¢s ceaseless struggle with sin, guilt, and hypocrisy in public or private matters. Moreover, he reveals the societyÃ¢â¬â¢s internal and external impact on the nature of the individuals. Specifically, Hawthorne utilized juxtaposition in his novel to reveal the nature of his characters. One of the authorÃ¢â¬â¢s character is Hester Prynne, who is a passionate and a strong mother, who is dealing with terrible public shameRead MoreThe Theme Of Guilt In The Scarlet Letter By Nathaniel Hawthorne1668 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesNathaniel Hawthorne is the author of The Scarlet Letter. Hawthorne is a anti-transcendentalist which means he writes a lot about Puritans in the 1600Ã¢â¬â¢s. John Hathorne ( Nathaniel H. great uncle ) is also an anti-transcendentalist . The book that John wrote that goes with The Scarlet Letter is The Ministers Black Veil. It as well as this novel talks about Secret sin and how the world is good and people are dark and mysterious. Nathaniels book The Scarlet Letter talks about Secret Sin , Revenge ,Read More Individualism in Nathaniel Hawthornes The Scarlet Letter Essay1066 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesIndividualism in Nathaniel Hawthornes The Scarlet Letter Often in society people are criticized, punished and despised for their individual choices and flaws. In the novel, The Scarlet Letter, by Nathaniel Hawthorne, the author uses Hester Prynne to symbolize that those who challenge social conformities can benefit society as a whole. Though she has been banished for committing adultery, she sees that the community needs her. Through her generous accomplishments the community realizes she is aRead MoreThe Scarlet Letter By Nathaniel Hawthorne797 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pageshe hit his late fortyÃ¢â¬â¢s. His most famous book written was The Scarlet Letter. The book was originally concepted upon the findings of a paper recalling the events and the scarlet letter. HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s book would showcase the Puritans view on the sin of two people and the revenge of another. Portraying the lives of three different people, the strong willed Hester Prynne; the abused clergyman Arthur Dimmesdale; and the hellbound Roger Prynne better known as Roger Chi llingworth. Created from AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s PuritanRead MoreDifferent Interpretations Of The Scarlet Letter1609 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesDifferent Interpretations of The Scarlet Letter Symbolism is everywhere around us in our daily lives, even if you donÃ¢â¬â¢t notice it right away. Traffic signs, company names, and even colors can all be examples of symbolism. Dr. Stephanie CarrezÃ¢â¬â¢ article, Symbol and Interpretation, focuses on and interprets the different types of symbolism in Nathaniel HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s novel, The Scarlet Letter. Focusing mainly on the characters Hester and Pearl, CarrezÃ¢â¬â¢ article brings symbolism to a new light as she interpretsRead More The Scarlet Letter Essay1055 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Hester Prynne: The Ultimate Feminist Heroine nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;In Nathaniel HawthorneÃ¢â¬â¢s American classic The Scarlet Letter the main character Hester Prynne is portrayed as the preeminent feminist heroine through the portraiture of her crime and punishment. In this novel, a Puritanical society in New England condemns Hester Prynne to wear a highly embossed depiction of the letter Ã¢â¬Å"AÃ¢â¬ on her breast as punishment for an act of adultery. How Hester handles the consequences of her castigationRead MoreScarlet Letter Essay : Hester Prynne Vs. Arthur Dimmesdale884 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesDeimler Mrs. Garcia Period 5 March 6th, 2017 Scarlet Letter Essay, Hester Prynne vs. Arthur Dimmesdale Hester Prynne and Arthur Dimmesdale are the two main characters in the novel the scarlet letter. As parents to Pearl, the daughter out of adultery, these two go through the journey of shunning and hatred, but not together. Their stories are very different, and yet, so very similar. Hester Prynne is the main lady in this novel, she is the mother of Pearl, a seamstress, and a shunned woman
Stem cells are cells that can be changed into other cell types. There are positive and negative aspects to them. They can help and danger peopleÃ¢â¬â¢s lives. Stem cells have many properties and uses. There is a big debate on whether stem cells are good or bad. There are many different opinions but I will write about what I think on this subject. The unique properties of stem cells are that they are capable of dividing and renewing themselves for a long time. This means they can multiply as many times as they want and grow into lots of different types of cells. They are also under certain physiologic and experimental conditions. They can produce tissue or organ-pacific cells with special functions. There are three classifications of stem cells. There are Totipotent, Pluripotent and Multipotent. Each one of these classifies stem cells in a certain way. Totipotent cells can change into all cells types, Pluripotent cells can change into most cell types and Multipotent cells can change into certain cell types. There are two major types of stem cells, Embryonic and Adult. Although they are both major types of stem cells they are very different from each other. Embryonic stem cells can change into all types of cells and Adult stem cells can change only into certain types of cells. Embryonic stem cells are classified as Totipotent a nd Pluripotent. Adult stem cells are classified as Multipotent. Another reason why Embryonic and Adult stem cells are different is because they haveShow MoreRelatedStem Cells: Good, Bad and Ugly2063 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesSTEM CELLS: THE BAD VS. THE GOOD THE BACKGROUND The use of embryonic stem cells to treat human diseases; is it unethical, questionable, helpful, in violation of law and policy or just the right answer for many, many diseases? All of these are great questions and are all questions that everyone and everybody has an opinion on at one time or another. To first really understand the controversy surrounding stem cell research you must know a little about its base; embryonic stem cells, Ã¢â¬Å"they areRead MoreStem Cells and Their Effect on Tumor Growth and Cancer Creation997 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesZoology Stem Cells and Their Effect on Tumor Growth and Cancer Creation Stem cells are a growing phenomenon in the cancer research world. Researchers are getting closer and closer to a cure, they are exploring other options to treat cancer. Stem cells are relatively new to the medical world, making their first appearance in 1956 (Ã¢â¬ Timeline for Stem Cell ResearchÃ¢â¬ , 1), and as with everything, there are flaws. Despite these flaws, stem cell treatment is something more people are turning to, asRead MoreEssay on Stem Cell Research: Should it be Permitted?868 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesStem cell related diseases affect over 100 million americans (White). Right now, there are plenty of government funds for stem cell research, and if we continue on the same path as we are now, stem cell research should be successful; however, the ethics used for embryonic stem cell research are incomprehensibly horrific (Stem cell policy). If this continues to be funded, it could have answers to numerous major diseases, including why they are caused, prevention, and cu res for the diseases. MoreRead More`` The Soul Of Frankenstein `` By Mary Shelley And The Endeavor For Great Scientific Discovery998 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesdeepest mysteries of creationÃ¢â¬ (Shelley, 42.) As seen in Mary ShelleyÃ¢â¬â¢s Frankenstein, the endeavor for great scientific discovery can yield the most unfortunate of consequences. The impacts of research and work in both the field of Robotics and Stem Cell research parallel that of the work of Victor, as he ascertains the secret of life and uses that knowledge to create life. These topics, albeit their positive intentions, have the capacity to do great harm, like that of FrankensteinÃ¢â¬â¢s Ã¢â¬Å"monster.Ã¢â¬ Ã¢â¬Å"TranscendanceRead MoreEssay on Stem Cells: The Cure for Uncontrollable Diseases of the Past1246 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesLou GehrigÃ¢â¬â¢s disease, Sickle Cell Anemia, AlzheimerÃ¢â¬â¢s. This world is plague by countless diseases and there existed a time where, after many failed research attempts, scientists began to believe that people would always suffer from these diseases. However, with the introduction of stem cell research those past notions were dismissed. Upon their introduction, stem cellÃ¢â¬â¢s provided a new hope to the world and it proved itself to be an invaluable asset. Through stem cell research, a multitude of curesRead MoreStem Cell Advocacy Paper : Stem Cells1123 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pages Stem Cell Advocacy Paper Introduction Stem cells are basically the building blocks of life. Some type of these cells can be engineered into any type of cell in the human body. There are three types of stem cells currently. Adult or somatic stem Ã¢â¬Å"cells can generate replacements for bone and muscle cells that are lost through injury, disease or normal wear and tear.Ã¢â¬ Another type of stem cells are embryonic stem cells. Embryonic stem cells Ã¢â¬Å"are Ã¢â¬Å"starter cellsÃ¢â¬ that can be coaxed into becoming anyRead MoreA Research Study On Stem Cells And Cloning977 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesMy Biology Report is going to Stem cells but in this report I am going to tell about strm cells and cloning but i am only briefly going to talk about it I will tell you facts pros and cons what is stem cells.And what it is period.But for cloniing i am just going to tell you what it is and what is bad about it. The term cloning accounts a number of different courses that can be used to produce genetically alike clones of a biological entity. The doubled material, which has the equal genetic makeupRead MoreScientific Theories Are More Powerful Than Laws922 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesreliable evidence supporting them are given bearing in scientific debates. 5. The three tenets of cell theory are as follows: all living organisms are composed of one or more cells; the cell is the basic unit of organization and structure in organisms; and lastly cells come from preexisting cells. 6. Cellular differentiation is the process of how daughter cells change from or differentiate from the parent cell and become specialized. 7. The two parts of metabolism are catabolic reactions, which breakdownRead MoreStem Cell Research Should Be Used For Cure Diseases1065 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesWith all of the abortions that are happening around stem cells are just going to waste, DonÃ¢â¬â¢t you think they should be put to good use with helping cure illnesses that we face in everyday life? And this is the problem; stem cell research should be used to help cure diseases. Well there are many people that think using stem cell research will, and would require killing fertilized eggs that are removed from a personÃ¢â¬â¢s ovaries.Read MoreThe Debate Over Stem Cells1159 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesdiabetes? These are just a few examples of the diseases that stem cells can treat. A stem cell is a cell that has the potential to mutate into many different types of cells in the body. Ever since stem cells were discovered, they have gained popularity and star ted to spark interest in scientists all across the world. Today there is a vigorous battle on the ethics, legalization, and experimentation of stem cells. Although stem cells are still being highly debated, they can open new doors in the
Question: Discuss about theProject Management for Business and Technology. Answer: Project methodology and its role into project management Nicholas and Steyn (2017) stated that project methodology is model that the project manager employs for designing, planning, implementing along with achieving of the objectives of the project. In order to finish the project work within scheduled time and budget, project methodologies are used. Rainer, Prince and Watson (2014) mentioned that project methodology is se of proper repeatable processes which help in introducing of reliability, flexibility as well as competence which improve the quality to manage the business projects (Turner, 2016). Project methodologies are used in improving alignment of the projects, increasing the competitive advantage, producing of better and faster business results, helping to predict requirements of staffs and improving the management information. The project methodologies are used into various project management processes designed for supporting the project manager involved into the business projects. The goal of project management methodologies is to finish the tasks faster needed for the projects. It also rises of strategies to handle the project issues (Rosemann vom Brocke, 2015). There are different types of project methodologies such as PRINCE2, Agile XP, Waterfall and Agile Scrum. Within the project management, the role of project methodologies are to specify what tasks are required to undertaken and when to perform them for maximizing the time along with resources. Day-by-days, the project management methodologies are become larger as well as more complex. This methodology is helpful into the project as it helps to tackle the project properly along with systematically integrate all the project activities (Karaman Kurt, 2015). At the operational level, this particular methodology plays a key role into delivering of the organizations empowers with the project team to do the needful work. This methodology enables the organization to deliver of cost effective and scheduled solutions to the project manager. Selected methodology: PRINCE2 The selected methodology is PRINCE2 methodology. It is a process based methods for the project management. Structured project management orders the project into defined steps to make it logical as well as organized. PRINCE2 provides written description of project management approach. This particular methodology divides the entire project work into manageable stages. On the other hand, PMBOK is set of standard and guidelines for the project management (Spundak, 2014). The strength of PMBOK is to teach knowledge base of project management profession while PRINCE2 sets out standard approach to run the project. Similarities between PMBOK and PRINCE2 methods processes Both PMBOK and PRINCE2 processes are similar in some of the key areas as follows: PMBOK is a standard which is used in the project management and PRINCE2 is a method which is used in all types of projects. Similarity is that both are used into the project management. Both are guides on the project management. Both have initiation phase, planning, execution, controlling and closing phase into the project phases (Joslin Muller, 2015). Both describes what the project manager knows and should able to do. Differences between PMBOK and PRINCE2methods processes Features PMBOK PRINCE2 Definition It is standard and guide. It is structured. Themes and knowledge areas There are ten knowledge areas. There are seven themes. Process and activities There are 5 process groups along with 47 processes. There are 7 processes along with 35 activities (Turner, 2016). Techniques It covers of techniques for each process. It consists of only specific techniques for PRINCE2. Focus The focus is on requirements of customer (Rainer, Prince Watson, 2014). The focus is on business case in addition to product. Role of project board It only provides the role of project sponsor. The project board provides the oversight of the project. Practical and comprehensive It is comprehensive. It is practical and focused on critical areas. Identification of methodology and processes relate to the project life cycle (PLC) PMBOK processes and PRINCE2 methodologies are related to the project life cycle. At first, the methodologies provide an overview of the entire project to strategy which is planned. Most key important step into PLC is planning phase which includes of risk assessment for completing all the project tasks on scheduled time. The methods and processes related to PLC are: Initiation: It agrees with vision of the project with providing of detailed justifications to the project work (Nicholas Steyn, 2017). The project manager is assigned at this phase to manage the entire work. Approval is taken from the higher authority to move forward with the detailed project plan. Planning: It collects of all required project information and develops the project scope. It reviews all the indicators of project to assess the risks on time before it affects the project. A budget plan is done to include of cost for PLC. Communication needs, risk assessment plan and training needs are reviewed. Executing: A project team is developed along with review of the security plan for the project team members (Rosemann vom Brocke, 2015). A quality assurance plan is prepared to achieve quality project work. All the stakeholders should be updated with project information along with project status. Monitoring: The entire project work is monitored and controlled by measuring the project performance using key performance indicators. Status review meeting and testing plan is implemented on time. Lessons learnt documents are prepared with getting approval to finish the project. Closing: All the project deliverables are obtained and all project cost are summarized which is spent on the project (Karaman Kurt, 2015). If there are any timeline changes, then change document is created. Finally, all the closure documents are formalized. References Joslin, R., Muller, R. (2015). Relationships between a project management methodology and project success in different project governance contexts.International Journal of Project Management,33(6), 1377-1392. Karaman, E., Kurt, M. (2015). Comparison of project management methodologies: prince 2 versus PMBOK for it projects.Int. Journal of Applied Sciences and Engineering Research,4(5), 657-664. Nicholas, J. M., Steyn, H. (2017).Project management for engineering, business and technology. Taylor Francis. Rainer, R. K., Prince, B., Watson, H. J. (2014).Management Information Systems. Wiley Publishing. Rosemann, M., vom Brocke, J. (2015). The six core elements of business process management. InHandbook on business process management 1(pp. 105-122). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. Spundak, M. (2014). Mixed agile/traditional project management methodologyreality or illusion?.Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences,119, 939-948. Turner, R. (2016).Gower handbook of project management. Routledge.
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Question: Discuss about the Case Study Using Clinical Reasoning Cycle. Answer: One of the most abundantly used frameworks for clinical practice in thenursing care scenario can be defined as the clinical reasoning cycle. This clinical decision making tool helps the nurses to determine the most plausible and scientifically reasonable steps for the care planning and implementation procedure. Clinical reasoning cycle, the term has been coined by Tracy Levett Jones in an attempt to incorporate a framework protocol for the professional nurses to follow in order to provide a care to the patients that is holistic, optimal and patient centred (Levett-Jones, 2013). This essay will attempt to provide a care plan employing different steps of the clinical reasoning cycle based on the case study of Peter Mitchell. The case scenario analysis is the first step of action that anursing care professional needs to take in order to begin the care activities. This step of thenursing care aligns with the first stage of the clinical reasoning cycle. According to the Berman et al. (2015), patient situation analysis is the first step of the clinical reasoning cycle that helps in determining the current situation of the patient which helps thenursing professional to understand the current health issues and needs of the patients. This is the step that helps the nurse get a preliminary understanding of the patient, his sickness and the impact of the sickness on the health and wellbeing and his ability to go about his day without any mishap or risk. The case scenario analysis for the patient reveals a 52 year old man named Peter Mitchell with two main health concerns, being extremely overweight and struggling with a long term condition of type 2 diabetes. The subjective and objective health information that h as been gathered reveals Peter not being able to properly control his type 2 diabetes and inability to follow a strict diet pattern to help reduce his obesity. Along with that emotional and psychological factor analysis is another key step of the case scenario analysis part of the care program. On a more elaborative note, as the patient had been smoking 20 cigarettes per day for close to 30 years, it must have had a significant impact on his diabetic complications and overweight issues. Hence the nursing professional in this stage will have to investigate on the impact of smoking and his other lifestyle choices on his health adversities and the deterioration patterns (Ceccarini et al., 2015). The next stage of the care program will need to focus on dissemination of the patient data and synthesis of the care needs of the patient. In terms of clinical reasoning cycle, the second stage of collecting patient cues and processing the information aligns perfectly with this step. It has to be understood that his step allows the nurses to collect important health adversity cues from not only the patient but also the previous general physician or the health care team that the patient has been associated with. This step will highlight the collection of information and the evidence based synthesis of the all the collected information to analyse and arrive on to a final verdict regarding the most pressing care needs and requirements of the patient. In this step the nurse will not only interview the patient about his physical and psychosocial needs but will attain information from the previous general physician, physiotherapists and dieticians to discover what interventions have been t aken for him and what progress he has made (?uczy?ski, G?owi?ska-Olszewska Bossowski, 2016). In the second leg of the process of identifying care needs the nursing professional caring for Peter will arrive onto the third stage of the clinical reasoning cycle. This stage is information processing where the nurse will disseminate he information gathered based on the immediate impact of the adversities and prepare a total list of the different care needs that the patients is suffering from. Focussing o the case study, the present signs and symptoms of the patient include shakiness and tremor, increased bouts of hunger, diaphoresis, high blood glucose levels, and obesity ventilation syndrome. Moreover, Peter had past medical history of pre-diagnosed hypertension, depression, Sleep apnoea, Gastro oesophageal disease reflux disease as well along with his obesity and his type 2 diabetes. Hence his care needs will be management of his obesity particularly the obesity ventilation syndrome, management of his blood glucose levels, controlling his hypertension, management of the shakine ss and body tremors, and lastly his sleep apnoea and depression (Martin, 2017). The next step of the care program will require the nurse to sort through the discovered care priorities and evaluating their individual impact on the health and recovery of the patient. With respect to the use of clinical reasoning cycle, the fourth stage is identifying the potential problem. This is the step where the nurse will link evidence based practice and cooperation from the medical practitioner to discover the most impactful care needs of the patents which will require immediate interventions to be managed. It has to be mentioned in here the nurse will also have to include the patient and his personal grievances before the final verdict of two care priorities are given. In this case the patient will already receive pharmacological treatment for reducing his blood glucose levels. Hence the nursing acre should focus on two related co-morbidities that can impact the pharmacological diabetic treatment that the patient is going to receive (Strohl, 2016). The first nursing care pr iority in this case will be the excessive body weight of the patient; at 145 kg the extremely high BMI of the patient has huge risks of interfering with the pharmacological treatments he is going to receive for his diabetes. According to the authors, obesity is synergistically linked with various health concerns, especially when type 2 diabetes has concerned. In this case as well, the excessive body weight of the patient can provoke insulin resistance further and can even interfere with the anti-diabetic drugs. Hence, managing his body weight non-pharmacologically will be a significant nursing care priority for the patient (Schwarz et al., 2012). The second care priority in this case will be sleep apnea and its adequate management. It has to be mentioned in this context that sleep apnea is a significant risk of diabetics and it can easily lead to fatal consequences for the patients with excessively uncontrolled blood glucose levels. It has to be mentioned that adequate amounts of sl eep is required for any treatment therapy to optimally function and show results. The excessive impact of the sleep apnea would be a restrictive element that would hinder the recovery process of the patient and would increase the anxiety and fatigue of the patient under consideration. Hence, the care priority of the patient will be management of his obesity and sleep apnea (Marin et al., 2012). The fifth, sixth and seventh step of the clinical reasoning cycle requires the nursing professional to develop achievable care goals and implement the goals in action. For the obesity management the care professional will need to stick to a high protein low fat diet for the patient and will need to develop an exercise regimen that will suit the abilities and need of the patient the best (Baboota et al., 2013). For the management of sleep apnea the nursing professional can include continuous positive airway pressure device or CPAP devices which will help the patient fall asleep without any hustle and stay asleep so that his body can attain the rest it requires. Other sleep assistive devices like dental appliances and nasal expiratory positive airway pressurevalves will help in facilitating better REM sleep for the patient nonpharmacologically (McCarter et al., 2013). In the very last step of the clinical reasoning cycle the nurse will reflect on the care approaches and techniques impl emented in the care program to enhance the efficacy of the care program and to serve the particular needs of the patients better. I have understood the key areas of clinical decision making and identification of care needs and distinguishing the care priorities with the help of the clinical reasoning cycle. And it has also assisted me to understand the step by step activities of clinical reasoning cycle and how it relates to the different activities of care planning and implementation. Conclusion: On a concluding note, it has to be mentioned that clinical reasoning cycle serves as the best framework for the nurses to use in their day today acre activities so that the care designing and implementation procedure can be as patient centred as possible. It not only organizes the care planning in a few set of step by step actions, but it also helps serve as a justification of the care program that is being implemented on the patient under consideration. In this case as well, the clinical reasoning cycle helped design a complete and effective care plan focussing on the two care issues pertinent to the patient in the case study. References: Baboota, R. K., Bishnoi, M., Ambalam, P., Kondepudi, K. K., Sarma, S. M., Boparai, R. K., Podili, K. (2013). Functional food ingredients for the management of obesity and associated co-morbiditiesA review.Journal of Functional Foods,5(3), 997-1012. Berman, A., Snyder, S., Levett-Jones, T., Dwyer, T., Hales, M., Harvey, N., . . . Stanley, D. (2015). Kozier and erb's fundamentals of nursing (3rd Australian edition). Melbourne, VIC: Pearson Australia. Ceccarini, M., Borrello, M., Pietrabissa, G., Manzoni, G., Castelnuovo, G. (2015). Assessing motivation and readiness to change for weight management and control: An in-depth evaluation of three sets of instruments doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00511 Levett-Jones, T. (2013). Clinical reasoning : Learning to think like a nurse. Melbourne, Victoria : Pearson Australia. ?uczy?ski, W., G?owi?ska-Olszewska, B., Bossowski, A. (2016). Empowerment in the treatment of diabetes and obesity. Journal of Diabetes Research, 2016 doi:10.1155/2016/5671492 Marin, J. M., Agusti, A., Villar, I., Forner, M., Nieto, D., Carrizo, S. J., ... Jelic, S. (2012). Association between treated and untreated obstructive sleep apnea and risk of hypertension.Jama,307(20), 2169-2176. Martin, T. J. (2017). Treatment of obesity hypoventilation syndrome. In M. S. Badr, G. Finlay (Eds.), Uptodate. doi:https://www.uptodate.com/home/index.html McCarter, S. J., Boswell, C. L., Louis, E. K. S., Dueffert, L. G., Slocumb, N., Boeve, B. F., ... Tippmann-Peikert, M. (2013). Treatment outcomes in REM sleep behavior disorder.Sleep medicine,14(3), 237-242. Parati, G., Lombardi, C., Hedner, J., Bonsignore, M. R., Grote, L., Tkacova, R., ... Mancia, G. (2013). Recommendations for the management of patients with obstructive sleep apnoea and hypertension. Schwarz, P. E., Greaves, C. J., Lindstrm, J., Yates, T., Davies, M. J. (2012). Nonpharmacological interventions for the prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus.Nature Reviews Endocrinology,8(6), 363. Strohl, K. P. (2016). Overview of obstructive sleep apnoea in adults. In N. Collop, G. Finlay (Eds.), Uptodate. doi:https://www.uptodate.com/home/index.html Vanderveken, O. M., Maurer, J. T., Hohenhorst, W., Hamans, E., Lin, H. S., Vroegop, A. V., ... Van de Heyning, P. H. (2013). Evaluation of drug-induced sleep endoscopy as a patient selection tool for implanted upper airway stimulation for obstructive sleep apnea.Journal of clinical sleep medicine: JCSM: official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine,9(5), 433.